Effectively managing authorizations while navigating the intricacies of delivering high-quality care is a shared challenge in the ABA field. Underutilized authorizations pose a significant risk, impacting the outcomes of clients and leaving potential funds untapped.


Understanding the root causes of underutilization is crucial. In this blog, we will delve into the common causes of underutilized authorizations and explore strategies to address these challenges. From improving communication systems to implementing proactive scheduling practices, we will provide insights into how ABA practices can enhance their authorization management to achieve better financial outcomes and client success.

Understanding Underutilized Authorizations

Before developing plans for proactively managing insurance authorizations, one must understand the challenges many experience navigating these. It’s essential to look at why organizations may be underutilizing authorizations and the risks of doing so.


Exploring the root causes of underutilization can help organizations plan to avoid critical mistakes that affect client success and revenue.

Some of the most common factors include:

  • Lack of communication: Poor communication across clinical and financial teams can result in underutilizing clients’ available hours. Clinical teams may not have complete visibility into their clients’ authorizations, making it difficult to plan effectively.
  • Inefficient scheduling processes: When scheduling workflows are not optimized, organizations may struggle to ensure each client receives the number of authorized hours they are clinically recommended and authorized for. Many ABA practices find it challenging to balance staff availability, client availability, travel time, and other considerations to max out on approved hours.
  • Staffing shortages: Due to the substantial growth in the ABA field, coupled with the shifting landscape in the current workforce, many organizations struggle with staffing shortages and turnover. Staffing shortages directly impact authorized hours, putting a strain on organizations’ ability to maintain full hours for each client.

Proactive Strategies for Improving Authorization Utilization

As behavior analysts know, antecedent manipulations can make a significant difference in setting one up for success. As such, to reduce the likelihood of underutilizing authorizations, proactive strategies should be implemented. Let’s review a few proactive strategies for managing authorizations.

Streamline Communication

Implementing a streamlined communication system is the linchpin for successful authorization management. Breaking down barriers in communication amongst clinical, administrative, and financial teams is critical for success.

To enhance collaboration and improve visibility, organizations should utilize a shared platform where behavior analysts, clinic directors, billers, and anyone else who needs visibility into client authorizations can access information regarding authorization workflows, utilization, and unit availability. Look for technology solutions offering real-time updates so each learner’s current utilization is easily accessible. This can help bridge the gap between clinical and financial teams, reducing miscommunications that cause underutilization.

authorization management software screenshot

Proactive Scheduling Practices  

Establishing proactive scheduling practices company-wide can help avoid surprises that result in a financial hit. Implementing proactive scheduling practices can significantly improve an organization’s ability to anticipate authorization utilization.   


Upon obtaining a new or updated authorization, the full authorization period should be accounted for by inputting sessions that cover all authorized hours into the client’s schedule. Account for holidays and any known client and staff time off as well. While changes may arise along the way, such as staffing shifts or vacation time, these changes will be easier to adjust for when the authorization period is planned out. You can better monitor utilization by inputting authorized hours into the client’s schedule at the start of an auth period, avoiding errors resulting in using too few or too many hours. 

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Enhancing Visibility for BCBAs in Supervision and Parent Training 

It is not uncommon for BCBAs to struggle with effectively managing their authorized protocol modification and treatment guidance hours. These services tend to be significantly underutilized.  While they may make plans at the start of an authorization period to allocate these hours, much can change throughout the 6-month period. For example, cancelations or shortened sessions can alter utilization plans. These modifications may make tracking used and available hours difficult, potentially resulting in insufficient support for technicians and families. 


Enhancing visibility into real-time authorization availability is critical for ensuring BCBAs can effectively manage their supervision and parent training hours. Behavior analysts should be able to see the units available for each of these services at any given time to closely monitor utilization.   


Offering tools for real-time visibility, such as an authorization dashboard within practice management software, can transform the way behavior analysts manage their client’s authorized supervision and parent training units. Above all, enhanced visibility will support the clinical team’s ability to drive the best possible outcomes for their clients.

Addressing Lower Unit Approvals for Re-authorization

It can be incredibly frustrating submitting a re-authorization request to be met with partial approval, with the funder approving fewer units than requested.


Factors contributing to lower unit approvals may include:

  • Clinical justifications: Based on a thorough review of the learner’s progress, current needs, and other factors, the payor may determine that a lower intensity of care is warranted.
  • Lack of utilization: Some payors may approve fewer hours if the previous authorizations had consistently low utilization. This may be especially true if the client made sufficient progress with the lower intensity of hours.
  • Documentation challenges: The manner in which a learner’s progress and needs are communicated to payors can make a significant difference in approvals. When a behavior analyst does not effectively document the clinical necessity of treatment for the learner, the payor may be more likely to reduce the approved units.


Because reduced unit approvals can impact client care, effectively advocating for the number of clinically necessary hours is imperative. As such, organizations must implement ongoing training for behavior analysts and other clinical staff to ensure competency of clinical documentation that is up to par with funder expectations.


In addition to providing clinical staff with training and resources for accurate documentation, organizations should standardize documentation processes company-wide. By establishing clear, consistent guidelines for documentation, organizations can minimize the likelihood of errors and effects on authorizations. Standardization of documentation can be done by setting transparent workflows and creating templates for session notes, treatment plans, authorization requests, and any other clinical documentation.


Utilizing ABA-tailored software to implement standardized templates can streamline the process. This can facilitate a more efficient re-authorization workflow, increasing the likelihood of approval.

Final Thoughts

Ensuring client success and maintaining organizational financial health requires effective authorization management. The risks associated with over and underutilizing authorizations are significant, impacting not only the company’s bottom line but also the outcomes of the clients they serve. Collaboration among financial, scheduling, clinical, and other administrative teams is vital for crafting proactive strategies that result in successfully managing authorizations.

By investing in a unified system, companies can position themselves for sustained growth, operational excellence, and a competitive edge in the ABA industry.

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